Scrutinizing the Authenticity of Supplier GHG Reduction Initiatives

In the quest for sustainability, businesses must critically evaluate their suppliers' GHG reduction claims. From tracking target consistency to understanding land-related emissions and seeking third-party verification, ensuring genuine efforts is key.

Scrutinizing the Authenticity of Supplier GHG Reduction Initiatives
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How can businesses ensure their suppliers aren't just "talking the talk" but are genuinely committed to reducing their carbon footprint? Dive into the intricacies of assessing the authenticity of supplier GHG reduction initiatives.

In the current environmental landscape, businesses are not only responsible for their own sustainability efforts but also for those of their suppliers. With supply chains often contributing a significant portion of a company's carbon footprint, it's crucial to ensure that suppliers' claims about greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction are genuine and not just superficial. Here's how businesses can critically assess the authenticity of their suppliers' GHG reduction initiatives:

1. Target Status: Consistency Matters

A supplier's track record in achieving their GHG reduction targets can be a strong indicator of their commitment to sustainability. It's essential to:

  • Check if the supplier consistently meets their set targets.
  • Investigate if there are frequent revisions to these targets and the reasons behind them.
  • Understand if these revisions are due to genuine challenges or a lack of commitment.

2. Base Year vs. Target Year: A Revealing Comparison

Comparing a supplier's past emissions (from the base year) with their future goals (target year) can provide valuable insights:

  • It helps gauge the ambition and feasibility of their targets.
  • It offers a clear picture of the supplier's progress over time.
  • It can highlight if the supplier's targets are in line with global sustainability benchmarks or if they are merely token gestures.

According to CDP's guidance, it's crucial to set targets based on financial years and ensure that the base year is not after the reporting year for clarity and consistency in reporting.

While direct and indirect emissions often take center stage, land-related emissions can't be ignored. These emissions arise from:

  • Changes in land use.
  • Forestry activities.
  • Agricultural practices.

A comprehensive GHG reduction strategy should account for these emissions. For instance, activities like deforestation for agricultural or industrial purposes can lead to significant carbon emissions, potentially offsetting the benefits of other GHG reduction initiatives.

4. Third-Party Verification: A Seal of Authenticity

CDP emphasizes the importance of third-party verification to ensure the comparability of verification activities undertaken by companies. Verification should be in line with recognized standards that meet specific criteria, such as relevance, competency, independence, and methodology. This ensures that the verification process is consistent, reliable, and genuinely reflects the supplier's GHG reduction efforts.


In the journey towards a sustainable future, businesses must be vigilant and discerning. By critically evaluating their suppliers' GHG reduction initiatives, they can ensure that their supply chain genuinely contributes to global sustainability efforts and doesn't just pay lip service to the cause.

Source: CDP

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